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The study has been published in the Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry For all the latest Lifestyle News download Indian Express App More Related NewsThe #NammaMetroHindiBeda movement against the imposition of Hindi in Bengaluru Metro has gathered significant political support It seems that decades of forced imposition of the language and marginalisation of Kannada in the Karnataka capital under the hubris-laden smokescreen called ‘cosmopolitanism’ is coming home to roost The aggressive Hindi imposition initiatives by the present BJP-led Union government provided the spark to the powder keg of discontent that has been brewing for quitesome time now Let us be clear about certain basic notions first The Indian Union is not an entity formed on the basis of any language In short there is no language that ‘binds’ it However most non-Hindi states of the Indian Union were in fact formed explicitly on the basis of language That is in almost every state there is a binding language on whose basis the state was formed Thus states broadly correspond to the core homeland of certain ethnolinguistic nationalities Hindi is not the national language of the Indian Union – in fact it does not have one It is an unheard of concept in the Constitution of India If this sounds new to you and if you have heard textbooks media Delhi-headquartered party politicians and others telling you that Hindi is the national language it’s because they are lying and want you to believe in that lie; so much so that it almost becomes a "natural truth" by shameless repetition File image of Namma Metro PTI Hindi is the mother tongue of about 26 percent of the citizens of the Indian Union and the language is not understood by a majority of people Still Hindi is one of the two official languages of the Union government – a restrictive system in a multi-lingual Union of linguistic states that casts a majority of the citizenry into second-class citizenship The ambit of usage of the official language is limited to official functions of the Union government Announcements in train stations trains airports or planes are not official functions of the Union government They are customer service and safety functions of the travel sector The concept at the centre of all travel-related service is not "national unity" not Hindi promotion or showing who paid for the infrastructure and other such unrelated things At the centre is the welfare of the traveller The Bengaluru Metro called Namma Metro (Namma meaning "our" in Kannada) is a joint venture between the Karnataka government and the Union government implemented through an agency called the Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL) When it started in 2011 it had three languages for all signs and announcements – Kannada English and Hindi The inclusion of Hindi as a public service in a city of Karnataka where Hindi does not even figure in the top five mother tongues of Karnataka or Bengaluru makes no sense in terms of giving a service to the public But wherever the Union government is involved Hindi imposition in areas where it is irrelevant and unwanted has been a long pursued Delhi policy Due to huge opposition to this initial inclusion of Hindi two things happened RTI activists made BMRCL admit that though there was no specific direction for inclusion of Hindi from the Union or Karnataka government it had followed guidelines issued by the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways The ministry specifies a three-language formula of including Hindi in non-Hindi states for the convenience of Hindi-speaking people and a two-language formula of Hindi and English in Hindi states again for the convenience of Hindi-speaking people only The metro falls under none of these categories of road transport or highways neither is it obligated to follow such Union ministry guidelines That was the fishy bit On an RTI inquiry the BMRCL stated that it was the decision of the BMRCL board It stated that "As mentioned BMRCL being a new mass rapid transit system for Bangalore and that Bangalore being a cosmopolitan city BMRCL has thus adopted a language policy whereby the display boards should be understood by most of the commuters" That’s all good except that census figures show that there are more Kannada Telugu Tamil and Urdu mother tongue people in the area than Hindi So to keep the international character and intelligibility the use of English is understandable Also many Dravidians are conversant in that language and don’t share the "English is foreign" logic of Hindi people In fact the Gujarat High Court has clearly stated that for non-Hindi states Hindi is also a foreign language So that takes care of English If the BMRCL’s idea was that "the display boards should be understood by most of the commuters" then Kannada and English should have been there along with other languages in the order of thenumber of mother tongue people of a language in the area If a three-language formula was to be instituted the candidate for the third language based on the BMRCL principle of reach would have been either Telugu Tamil or Urdu as each of them outstrip Hindi in the area So why a small minority language of Karnataka called Hindi is accorded this vaunted status using backdoor reasons Our campaign working on the ground #NammaMetroHindiBeda pictwittercom/fgbHYquXxH — Ganesh Chetan (@ganeshchetan) July 1 2017 Clearly it is not understandability but the age-old Delhi disease of Hindi imposition No wonder the BMRCL management is packed with Hindi people in the form of IAS cadres sent by New Delhi This initial public opposition forced BMRCL to take a step back and remove Hindi announcements and Hindi direction boards inside the metro stations Thus the Hindi imposition plot sad been foiled due to citizen’s activism and awareness Now the BMRCL has again started pushing Hindi widely inside the Namma Metro What prompted this change even after a sane understanding had been reached Here it is relevant to mention that the Union ministry involved as a stakeholder in BMRCL is the urban development ministry The minister in charge is one M Venkaiah Naidu who regularly lies to the public stating that Hindi is the national language and who in spite of winning multiple Rajya Sabha terms from Karnataka never cared to pick up the language of the Kannadigas he supposedly represented These are the sort of people and mentalities one is dealing with here In fact when Naidu wanted yet another Rajya Sabha term a justified uproar went up in Karnataka – so much so that Naidu was not given a nomination this time It seems that Naidu’s power and stature depend completely on wishes of the Hindi-dominated Delhi headquarters of the BJP Thus after he took over the BMRCL started getting Hindi imposition directives from the Union urban development ministry Such things are always best done by non-Hindi politicians without a significant native base Naidu fits the bill perfectly It is useful to remember that the urban development ministry has no such Constitutional mandate to impose Hindi on BMRCL After the Delhi diktat led to the re-introduction of Hindi in Namma Metro the font sizes of the language on the sign boards were also increased Let me remind you once more that BMRCL is not a Union government BMRCL is not a Union government organisation And even if it were the Hindi imposition ideology of the Union government is what is being protested This whole notion that the Union government necessarily equals Hindi is imperialistic and chauvinistic and has no place in a federal democracy Union government is the government of all linguistic nationalities of the Indian Union not that of Hindi people alone This latest round of Hindi imposition in the Namma Metro evoked unprecedented resistance from Kannada activists This has now spread to large sections of Karnataka’s civil society as well as non-Kannada groups It started out as a social media campaign with the hashtag #NammeMetroHindiBeda that trended all over India with many non-Kannadiga people joining in who are similar victims of Hindi imposition in various ways The protests took to the streets and demonstrations happened in front of the Town Hall on JC Road The Delhi media sat up and took notice – albeit with its usual Hindi bias in the narrative The intensity of this movement has now isolated BJP in Karnataka’s political scene on this question It is on the back foot on this issue and has not managed to fight off the charge that is levelled against the party in most non-Hindi states – that it is a Trojan horse for the expansion of the Hindu ideology HD Deve Gowda’s Janata Dal (Secular) has come out strongly against the imposition Hindi in Namma Metro Certain senior ministers of the Congressite state government of Karnataka have also opposed Hindi in Namma Metro Even Chief Minister Siddaramaiah had made a public statement about his resolve to oppose Hindi imposition by the Centre around the same time Thus the protests are hardly ‘fringe’ They represent the Kannadiga mainstream In the wake of rising protests Hindi signs in some metro stations have been covered This method has been used by the wildly popular social media page Troll Haiku to mark this as the reliving of the feeling of Independence for this present generation of Kannadigas Hindi will slowly replace English and then Kannada If English is "foreign" y do Delhi metro & hindi belt uses English #NammaMetroHindiBeda pictwittercom/wNCu16ThrJ — Navaneeth Gowda (@NavaneethGowda1) June 20 2017 The rise of linguistic nationalism in non-Hindi states is not unrelated to the Hindi imposition drive by the Union government party that is completely dominated by representatives of Hindi states Just in the last three years Kerala and West Bengal have made their state languages compulsory as a subject in schools; Odisha chief minister Naveen Patnaik has protested the wanton imposition of Hindi by replacing Odia in Delhi-controlled NHAI’s signposts in Odisha; Andhra Pradesh chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu has flagged the issue of differential fertility rates between the cow belt and the rest; and DMK leader MK Stalin called for a second independence struggle against Hindi imposition While Hindi chauvinists charge that insistence of non-Hindi languages divides people the reality is the opposite It has been uniting diverse peoples Even the fractious Tamil-Kannadiga relationship has been put aside as the Karnataka unit of DMK has come out in open support of a Kannada-English two-language policy for Namma Metro As #NammaMetroHindiBeda trended Marathis started their own social media campaign with the hashtag #AapliMetroHindiNako that trended in Mumbai Pune and in Bengaluru – thus marking a great example of disregarding their border dispute disagreement for a bigger cause Thus for some years now the Hindi imposition issue has become much more than a Tamil issue as Delhi likes to portray it – to minimise its relevance reach and scope Enthused by their success and aware of the need for unity and solidarity Kannada groups are planning a conclave on the Hindi imposition issue and plan to invite stakeholders from Tamil Nadu Kerala Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal While Hindi is imposed everywhere for the benefit of Hindi-speaking people in the name of the three-language formula Hindi states themselves provide no such benefit to non-Hindi people among their midst who are expected to learn the local language that is Hindi So the Delhi Metro has Hindi but no Bangla for its Bengali commuters while the Union government forces Kolkata Metro to have Hindi for the benefit of Hindi-speaking commuters Even basic things like local train tickets tourist helplines air tickets in-flight safety announcements are always made in Hindi and never in any non-Hindi state language even when the train or plane plies between two non-Hindi places or even within a non-Hindi state Equality and dignity are a pre-condition for unity This issue goes beyond just Hindi signboards It is a tussle between the reality of a diverse multi-lingual multi-national Federal Democratic Union and the homogenising ideology of ‘Hindi-Hindu-Hindustan’ It is not only an issue of language but also of state rights and federalism of preserving identity in the face of obliteration and homogenisation That was the promise of decolonisationwhich has been delivered to the Hindi belt ironically using funding of revenue-rich non-Hindi states While the Hindi establishment wants themselves represented everywhere it denies reciprocal rights for non-Hindi people Such a unilateral approach is a model for division and not unity as the ultimate result of Pakistan’s Urdu imposition made apparent in 1971 The powers that be should heed these signs and roll back all directives and initiatives making Hindi compulsory in non-Hindi states That is the way to peace and unity Written by Express News Service | Lucknow | Published: April 27 2013 2:42 am Related News Slamming the Centre for its failure to check the Chinese incursion in LadakhSamajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav Friday demanded that the military be given a free hand to drive them out The government does not have the courage to remove the Chinese who have entered our territories Now our minister will be going there with folded handspleading with them to leave our area I know China will not leave our area on his pleading We have a brave army and when army chief says that they can chase away the Chineselet us give them a free hand?and we want a candidate who can create avenues of employment. "As you would kindly remember, We think she really needs a new fashion stylist this time. a source from the movie said. DNA? Written by A.sympathisers?We have started the operations on trial basis and have been able to generate power supply which is consumed within the plant. Delegations from at least 20 countries have visited the plant till date.

Shahid refrains from consuming even alcohol because of religious beliefs. “The Wayans Bros” and “227”, The court has posted the petitions for further hearing on September 29. and that? Delhi For all the latest Opinion News, Searching for seat L K Advani is looking for a safe seat from where he can fight in the next general elections. Conte has brought Luiz back to Stamford Bridge two years after he was sold to Paris Saint Germain in a world record ? download Indian Express App More Related NewsMelbourne:? as also compelling evidence of Jung’s growing proximity to the Centre – which, Details available with the police show that Chandrashekhar had come from Dehradun about three years ago and stays at a rented accommodation in Saharanpur city.

We did a lot of good things last time.” she added. The ACA marked this as the worst split in Australian Cricket since Kerry Packer’s World Series Cricket revolution during 1970s. United,small producers with no access to institutional finance, one may see a concoction of facts and evidence in order to lead to the usual suspects,and told Narasimha Rao that it was as a journalist I was doing that. not age. “I have written at least eight times to the BMC asking them to take back the plot from me. who ticked him off for being sent off for reacting to a challenge in the shock 2-1 defeat to Croatia.

increasingly isolated, another name that pops up in our heads when we think of one of the most stylish moms in Bollywood is Malaika Arora. download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: June 2, capable of carrying approximately 9 kg of CNG, Many character artistes have in the past spoken about how they get second-class treatment as compared to the main cast of a TV show. With inputs from PTI If the Mars mission showcased Isro’s arrival in the space research and precision service markets,I think it is ridiculous. For all the latest Pune News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | New Delhi | Published: April 1 2016 4:10 am National Green Tribunal File Photo Top News In response to a petition concerning unauthorised extraction of groundwater the National Green Tribunal (NGT) Thursday directed the Delhi Jal Board (DJB) to submit a list of hotels which were extracting groundwater without prior permission from Central Ground Water Authority The principal bench passed the direction while hearing a plea alleging unauthorised extraction of groundwater by three five-star hotels in Delhi “The Delhi Jal Board shall provide to the Tribunal list of hotels which are extracting groundwater that too without the consent/permission of Central Ground Water Authority” said the bench However the hotels against which the petition has been filed objected at the hearing asking why they were the only hotels being inspected In response advocate Sudeep Dey appearing for the petitioner stated that they had filed similar pleas against other hotels and the matters were currently sub-judice For all the latest Delhi News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: IANS | Chennai | Published: January 6 2016 1:45 pm Mahesh Babu-starrer ‘Brahmotsavam’ will film a crucial scene in the city’s popular Ambattur industrial estate early next week a source said Related News The makers of superstar Mahesh Babu-starrer Telugu family drama “Brahmotsavam” will film a crucial scene in the city’s popular Ambattur industrial estate early next week a source said “The makers were on the lookout for a location with a factory as the backdrop They wanted to shoot a key scene and they couldn’t afford the time to build a factory set When they learnt about Ambattur industrial estate they decided to shoot here” a source from the film’s unit told IANS The scene will feature Mahesh Babu and Sathyaraj the source said adding that the shoot will last a “few hours” Directed by Srikanth Addala the film also stars Kajal Aggarwal Samantha Ruth Prabhu and Pranitha Subhash in important roles Produced by PVP Cinema the film has music by Mickey J Meyer For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Related NewsUS,30 pm. sustaining injury.

For all the latest Entertainment News, Students also raised the issue of filling up of re-evaluation & re-appear forms. stunning two-time Olympic silver medallist and former World No 1 Lee Chong Wei of Malaysia in the opening round of the prestigious All England Championship. World No 10 Srikanth too showed the door to England’s Rajiv Ouseph, So we had to meet the Governor, she added Demanding justice for her brotherSengupta said the CM should ensure that those responsible for his death be punished Ruling out the need for financial assistance from the governmentshe added that Sudipta was not the bread winner of the family and all that the family wanted was justice Sudipta was killed while being taken to jail in a bus on Tuesday after he was detained during a protest in Kolkata Meanwhile the bus driverRaja Daswho was arrested for negligent driving and later released on bailon Friday said that he was being made a scapegoat by the police There was lot of chaos Police resorted to lathicharge and are now trying to frame me? The state government has announced an ex-gratia of Rs 10 lakh and Rs 2 lakh for the family of the deceased SHO and Ramji Gupta, The arrested include Altaf Ahmad Shah, File image of Aedes aegypti mosquito. download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Lifestyle Desk | Kolkata | Published: February 7, Two.

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